Prague has one of the best, most efficient and economical public transport systems in Europe, and although the city can be explored on foot, a tourist may still find it useful to use a means of getting from one area to another or to the suburbs.
Public transport includes underground trains, trams, buses, funiculars and boats. They are operated by the Dopravní podnik Transport Company and serve most of the city and the suburbs. You can choose from different types of tickets and passes depending on how you will use public transport.
You can also use public transport to get to the airport, combining metro and regular buses; faster, however, are the airport-specific minibuses and shuttle buses.
A convenient alternative to public transport to reach the city’s main tourist attractions are the tourist buses, with stops near the most famous museums, monuments and attractions.
If you want an even more convenient service, you can take a taxi, taking care that your taxi driver applies the official fares.
The fastest and easiest way to get from one part of the city to another is definitely the metro.
The Prague metro has 3 lines, runs every day from 5 am to midnight and is very efficient. For more information, we refer you to a page dedicated only to the Prague metro.
Regular buses cover a network of 400 km, but are rarely used by tourists to get around the historical centre. They are generally used to reach metro stations from peripheral areas or at night, when the metro is already closed.
Public bus lines 119, 100, 179 and 225 connect the airport to the metro, with which you can then reach the city centre. This is the cheapest method of getting from the airport to the centre of Prague, but it is not the most comfortable.
If you prefer a faster method, without having to change means of transport, you can take the minibus or shuttle bus: there are several companies and each one applies a different fare.
Trams (tramvaje) are the oldest public transport in Prague. They cover an extensive network, run frequently and allow you to see much of the city without walking too much.
Daytime trams run from 4.30 a.m. until midnight with intervals ranging from 10 to 20 minutes. Night trams run from 00.30 until 4.30 with intervals of about 30 minutes. They can be recognised by their number, which runs from 51 to 59 and is marked in blue on the stop signs.
At each stop there is a sign, on which is marked the stop you are at, the other stops to follow and the numbers of the trams that stop. Newer trams have an electronic display announcing the stops.
To get around Prague as a tourist, the most frequently used tram is the 22, which stops at all the most significant places in the city. Other lines that pass by the main monuments, offering impressive views along the way, are 14, 17 and 23.
A special line is the nostalgic tram No. 91 (nostalgická linka c. 91), a historical tram that runs on weekends and holidays from the end of March until mid-November.
Tram No. 91 departs from Vozovna Strešovice and goes to the city centre, running every hour from noon until 5 p.m.
Please note: public transport tickets are not valid for tram 91, a separate ticket must be purchased.
If you are not sure how much you will use public transport, you can choose to buy a single ticket for each bus, metro, tram or funicular ride.
The prices of single tickets in Prague are
Children under the age of 15 travel free of charge.
Single tickets can be purchased at ticket machines, metro stations, tourist offices, newsagents, hotels and some shops.
There are two passes that can be particularly convenient for those staying in the city for a short time. These are time tickets valid for all public transport.
The prices of passes in Prague are:
These passes can be purchased at the information offices of the Prague Public Transport Company. Please note that they are only valid for public transport and therefore do not allow you to board tourist buses.
Visit Prague in freedom without worrying about spending too much money: it is possible! With just one ticket you can use public transport as often as you like, enter 30 of Prague’s most famous sights for free and get discounts on another 50. How? By purchasing the Prague Visitor Pass.
Prague Visitor Pass is a tourist card that allows unlimited use of buses, trams, metro, funiculars, ferries as well as free entry and discounts for museums, monuments, tours and services. Prague Visitor Pass also includes a shuttle bus service to/from the airport.
You can choose a card valid from 48 to 120 hours, reduced fares for children and students.
An extremely attractive option for those who do not like walking are the tourist buses, buses of public or private companies that connect all the main tourist attractions in the city.
The main advantage of using tourist buses instead of public transport is the convenience of not having to plan your journey. Stops are always close to the entrances of museums, monuments and other attractions, so there is no need to inquire about addresses or which bus, tram or metro to take: just get on your tour bus and get off exactly at the attraction you want to visit. Convenient, no?
With the Hop-on Hop-off formula, these buses allow you to build your own itinerary freely, deciding to get on and off at the stops that are most convenient for you. There is no limit to the number of times you can take the bus during the validity of your ticket, which can be one or two days.
Tourist buses are strongly recommended for families. Getting around on foot with children in an unfamiliar city can be dangerous (and tiring!). These buses will allow you to enjoy your holiday safely and keep your children entertained.
In addition, many tour buses offer an audio guide available in several languages, which will give you information about the city and the attractions you are going to visit.
The Prague Zoo chairlift operates daily from the end of March to the end of December from 9.30 am. Closing time may be 5, 6 or 7 p.m. depending on the season.
You can buy a single or group ticket at the ticket machines at the entrance. Accompanied children under the age of 6 travel free of charge on the chairlift. Passes or tourist cards are not valid, nor are ordinary public transport tickets.
Opened in 1891, the funicular reaches the top of Petrín Hill from the Újezd tram stop (trams 6, 9, 12, 20, 22 or 23) in Malá Strana, with an intermediate stop at Nebozízek.
It runs daily from 9 a.m. to 11.30 p.m. (11.20 p.m. from November to March) in 10-15 minute intervals. It is free for Prague Visitor Pass holders and season ticket holders; if you need to buy a ticket you can do so at the base of the funicular.
The public transport service in Prague also includes six ferry lines that run during daylight hours with an interval of about 10-15 minutes. They are not necessary to visit the tourist areas of the city but can be a way to see it from a different perspective.
Ordinary public transport tickets are valid for the boats. If, on the other hand, you want a more comfortable boat trip, perhaps with an aperitif or dinner, you can book one of the many cruises on the Vltava River of an hour or more offered by private companies.
Finding a taxi in Prague is not difficult. In the city centre and at the airport you can get a taxi at one of the many taxi ranks, usually without a long wait. This way you can be sure to take advantage of the maximum fares set by law and thus avoid rip-offs, which are quite likely if you stop a taxi on the street.
If you prefer, you can book a taxi by calling one of the various local companies: your hotel can do this for you.
The official maximum prices for taxi rides in the Prague district are
Despite the high quality of public transport, the best way to get around and appreciate Prague is on foot, walking around the city. This allows you to pay attention to details that you would miss if you travelled by public transport, notice particular buildings, take photographs at every corner and above all breathe in the magical atmosphere of this enchanting city.
Walking in Prague is truly fascinating, but to avoid running into bad situations, it is good to follow a few small precautions. Remember that trams always have right of way, they travel in both directions in the middle of the carriageway, and not always at low speed.
Do not assume that cars will stop to let you pass at pedestrian crossings: the obligation to stop was introduced in recent years and is often still ignored.
Also be careful with your personal belongings because unfortunately theft is not uncommon in tourist areas and railway stations.
Having said that, Prague is in general a safe and wonderful city to visit on foot, with its scenic views, characteristic narrow streets, wonderful parks and gardens, not forgetting the charming riverfront.
City Card allow you to save on public transport and / or on the entrances to the main tourist attractions.